What Are The Different Types Of Elevators?

We live in this world of mechanization and digitalization. Life is becoming more and more artificial. The natural habit of walking is lost to such an extent that one has to reserve time for morning and evening walks. Then one takes a few rounds on a small piece of land as if it is one more daily routine task fulfilled. When walking has to be a deliberate and planned activity, ascending and descending are far off. A flight of stairs is frustrating and tiring. No need to worry. Machines are at our service for all tiring physical activities. Now they have become a part of routine so much that we take them for granted. Hence, if there is a lift in a building, well, it has to be there. If there is no lift, you miss it and start complaining. Machined have made us dependent upon them. One such machine that we take for granted is an elevator, commonly known as a lift. It is a small cubicle that accommodates 4 to 6 persons and commutes up and down floors, dropping the persons on the desired floor or picking them up. This is the kind of elevator that comes to mind immediately. However, with progress in technology, elevators have improved in design and service. A variety of elevators and escalators are widely used in all walks of life.

Types of elevators

Based on hoist mechanism elevators can be classified into four types: hydraulic elevators, traction elevators, climbing elevators and pneumatic elevators.

The following types of elevators are based on their use. Different types of elevators are used for different purposes.

  • Home lifts: They are usually fitted in residential buildings or offices either inside or outside. They are used for transporting passengers up and down the floors of a building. They are automatic in the sense, passengers do not have to push floor buttons; they stop at each floor and wait at the last destination until called for. They have a capacity of carrying 4 to 6 people. They are often used for carrying goods or luggage in small quantities.

home lift

  • Hospital elevators: Hospital elevators are busy for longer hours. They are spacious because trolleys and patients on stretchers have to be carried, sometimes with medical equipment and machinery.

hospital elevator

  • Industrial elevators: Industries require elevators for carriage of bulk goods and commodities vertically across shop floors or show rooms. They are strong and sturdy and specially designed to carry heavy goods.

indutrail elevator

  • Capsule elevator: It is literally shaped like a capsule from outside and possesses all other features of a regular elevator. The very purpose of a capsule elevator is aesthetic decor; hence it is fitted on the outer side of shopping malls, theaters and sometimes commercial buildings. Capsule lifts are part and parcel of modern architecture.
  • Escalator: An escalator is a moving staircase. Escalators are found in departmental stores, shopping malls, railway stations, airports or stadiums. The advantage of an escalator is that while a limited number of passengers can ride in an elevator cabin, the escalator belt rotates continuously and any number of people can step on and off at convenient points.


Thus, we observe that all lifts are not the same: There are different elevators for different purposes; hence they differ in size, shape and service.

Schneider Elevators manufacture all types of elevators, fitted with safety devices and offer 24 hours online/offline support and maintenance. Schneider Elevators are known for best quality, timely delivery and suitable designs to match modern architecture.


ElevatorWith growing population in cities and less space, the height of buildings is increasing. While new constructions are tall skyscrapers, when the old ones are reconstructed, they are also converted into tall towers. Hence, towering buildings have become the mark of modern cities all over the world. They look so attractive and welcoming. Some of you may love the idea of living somewhere high up on the 25th floor or higher. A very nice idea indeed! But one has to travel up and down that distance any number of times during the day. Consequently, you have to spend a pretty amount of time riding in elevators, and even more time waiting for them.

Research shows that in most big cities, in a lifetime, one spends about 16 to 17 years in elevators and 25 to 30 years waiting for them. These figures keep on increasing with the increasing use of elevators and new constructions. Just imagine, would you like to spend around 15 years of your life in an uncomfortable, tiny place? Why not make these years a pleasant riding experience?

When elevators began to be used initially, the sole purpose was to save time and physical effort. Elevators and lifts were especially found convenient in hospitals where patients cannot move around on their own. They are also a boon to aged people and the physically handicapped. But when skyscrapers became the mark, normal people could not even think of staying on a floor above six without an elevator facility. Builders could not think of constructing tall buildings had there been no elevators. Today, one takes elevators for granted. They have become part of modern life. Neighbors perhaps rarely meet each other personally, except in elevators. So the meeting has to take place in a god place.

As elevators became a necessity and not luxury, innovations started taking place in the models of elevators. The first concern was safety. Passenger traffic became more common than transport of goods. Where human beings are concerned, safety is very important. Safety measures like strong cables and brakes were added. Considering the total use of elevators, accidents are very few in number. Another important precaution that has to be taken is maintenance of the elevators. Just as car accidents will happen if the car is not in condition, elevators can be dangerous if not maintained regularly. It is the responsibility of the elevator companies to provide maintenance services round the year. Twenty-four hour service with call centers must be provided by the companies.

Another important factor is training and awareness among the users. When we purchase a new microwave oven or a washing machine, we have to read the instruction manual carefully, watch a demo, and understand the mechanics before we start using them. Similarly, it would be a good idea to invite a technician from the elevator company for a society meeting and request him to explain the working of an elevator. When we use a car, we know some basics which help us to make minor repairs if something goes wrong and there is an emergency. Similarly, understanding the mechanics of an elevator would be very helpful in making people aware that there is convenience, yet there is danger if sufficient care is not taken. There are people with an attitude who think that they can use a thing the way they like it, that they pay for the facility and they must have it. This attitude needs to be changed.

So? When you have to spend considerable time of your life in an elevator, should it not be safe and quality time?